CBN begins enforcement of dollar sales to BDCs

To increase the volume of dollar in the market and stabilise the naira, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) may compel banks to sell foreign currency proceeds of international money transfers to Bureaux De Change (BDCs).


The CBN is likely to begin the enforcement of its directive to that effect soon, it was learnt yesterday. In a July 22 circular to the banks, titled:  “Sales of foreign currency proceeds of international money transfers to BDCs”, signed by its Acting Director, Trade & Exchange, W.D Gotring, CBN said the policy shift was intended to ensure the stability of the exchange rate and boost participation of all critical stakeholders in the foreign exchange (forex) market.

Banks are yet to comply with the directive nearly two weeks after the circular was issued.

The naira closed on Friday at N375 to the dollar in the parallel market, and exchanged at N330 to dollar in the official market. The local currency has lost over 35 per cent of its value against the dollar since January.

Last January, CBN stopped all forms of forex sales to BDCs, accusing them of round tripping and frustrating the policies meant to stabilise the naira. But despite the stoppage of dollar sales to BDCs, the naira has continued to depreciate.

An industry source told the Newsmen that the CBN is already talking with the banks and international money transfer agents like Western Union and MoneyGram to see that at least 50 per cent of the $21 billion Diaspora remittances targeted in the policy is channelled through the BDCs.

Although the banks and money transfer agents are averse to implementing the policy, the CBN is pushing to see that BDCs are integrated into the dollar flow mechanisms that would boost liquidity and expand the forex playing field.

“Both the banks and money transfer companies are worried over the CBN moves because selling dollar to BDCs means that the volume of dollar they transact with will be drastically reduced,” the source said.

The volume of funds coming from the Diaspora remittances is expected to hit $35 billion yearly, following the tactical devaluation of the naira, which remains an incentive for more dollar inflows to the economy.

Gotring directed all authorised dealers, who are agents to approved International Money Transfer Operators to sell foreign currency accruing from inward money remittances to licensed BDCs  with immediate effect.

He explained that all International Money Transfer Operations were required to remit foreign currency to the agent banks for disbursement in naira to the beneficiaries, while the foreign currency proceeds shall be sold to the BDCs.

“The foreign currency proceeds of International Money Transfer sold to BDC operators shall be retailed to end-users in compliance with the provisions of the Anti-Money Laundering Laws and observe the appropriate Know Your Customer  principles, including use of Bank Verification Numbers (BVNs)”.

Gotring urged authorised dealers and BDCs to render returns on their operations daily and monthly to the CBN through the Electronic Financial Audit Sub-System (e-FASS) application in accordance with extant regulation, failing which there would be sanctioned, including withdrawal of dealership licence.

Association of Bureau De Change Operators of Nigeria (ABCON) President Aminu Gwadabe has said the international money transfer monopoly enjoyed by Western Union and MoneyGram would soon be broken.

He said the CBN is processing new applications from prospective operators to widen the international money transfer space, adding that  accepting new entrants into the international money transfer market would strengthen the naira and get the country out of its currency crises.



  1. More money for Mallams who hawk Dollar Pound Sterling on our streets. A trade which was illegal in our law books for years, but they were above the law, so it has been legalized. Any law or Regulation review that affects them adversely does not last. More so, they are the source for converting stolen government money to dollars to keep in Water Tanks and underground vaults. Carry Go!!!!!!

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